Carpets & Rugs
A carpet is a type of floor covering which primarily consists of two separate parts attached on top of each other. The upright portion of carpet, visible to eyes is called the Pile and the backside portion in contact with floor is termed backing. Since ages, wool or its derivatives were used primarily to form the carpet’s pile which gave it a compact look combined with artistic designs possessing blends of colors but recently, almost a century ago there has been a shift in the base material of the pile. PPNP is the new thing in the big carpet and rug industry which stands for PP (polypropylene), Nylon and Polyester, all three being synthetic, made to perfection over decades in labs then in factories on vast industrial scale unseen before. Besides plethora of other uses of these manmade fibers, carpets seem to their main consumer too. The fiber on the pile is heat treated through various machines which gives the carpet a composed and compact look. Two main reasons for use of these materials is the decreased cost and quick turnaround time for its production unlike wool which is both costly and requires intricate design procedure which consumes time considerably. Parameters to look for
There are several factors to consider while gauging any carpet or rug but of those, we will discuss about the three most imperative ones
Amount of yarn used in a given area of a pile refers to a carpets density. Usually it’s calculated in inches, so the higher the number of tufts per inch of pile, the higher the density which translates into softness and high plush. It’s measured in stitches per inch of pile.
Carpets use fibers, either natural or synthetic in their making but at times, multiple fibers are joined together resulting in yarn which is then woven or made into tufts for carpets.
- Yarn Twist
To twist a yarn and to squeeze it makes it hard and durable. Traditionally, the twist used be done via hands but with advent of technology several process have been introduced famous of which is heat and steam twisting done on PP and Nylon carpets. Industrial and Commercial Application
Besides wide domestic and home application, carpets are also used for industrial and commercial purposes. Following are some examples:
Commercial Carpet Types
- Office and showroom floorings at times are seen having carpeted floors. Such carpets have totally different design structure to enable them to sustain high foot traffic compared to ones at home. Commercial carpets have lower pile height and tight loops unlike residential ones. This makes the carpet less plush and soft to feel but rugged and durable enough to take a beating of high foot traffic.
- For offices, the rugged nature of carpet allows for less friction which is good for chairs and their back and forth movement across the floor. Also these carpets give a more smooth and professional look if used in decent colors such as grey or beige etc.
- Aircraft industry is also a big user of carpets and related accessories. Entire flooring on commercial airplanes is carpeted barring some areas such as restroom. The structure there is similar to carpets used in offices but they are slightly more thin and polished as to allow the passage of trolleys rolling over them used by stewards to serve the passengers. One other very important feature of airplane carpets is their flame resistant ability either through static charge or any other means. For this reason, wool is preferred material since it’s highly unlikely to ignite under such incidents.
- Carpets portions are also dear to automakers since like airplanes, car and truck floorings are mostly carpeted now on top of which people use rubber mats. For automakers and airliners carpets, emphasis is also on stain resistance of carpets which reduces the need of continuous cleaning thus being very economical overtime as far as their maintenance is concerned.
In this section, light will be shed on various common but important types of commercial carpets for flooring purpose. Users should have the right choice of carpets and do some research prior to embarking on procuring it.
- Cut Pile
- Level Loop
- Cut & Loop
- Carpet Tiles
- With softened feel under feet, cut pile carpets are most popular in lobbies, hospitals and classrooms/lecture halls. They vary from various level of thickness and have medium level of durability, enough to take beating from low to medium level foot traffic. The best thing about cut piles is their various design and color combinations which are hard to get in other commercial carpets which look clumsy.
- Level loops carpets have slightly different design structure such that the fibers or yarn in use are in looped rather than left like a tuft in a cut pile carpet. This allows the surface to be smoother. The level of loop tightness can be varied to get desirable results with more tightness bring proportional to carpet being tough and wear resistant. Level loop carpets come in various thickness and softness levels and are equally good for commercial uses mentioned above.
- Most ideal for areas with massive human movement, cut and loop type carpets has a mixture of both fibers. This gives it an uneven top having varying height which is helpful in hiding stains and containing dirt. Such carpets also come in modes of varieties and colors and considered very successful commercially.
- As the name implies, broadloom carpets are produced over large looms and such carpets are used for wall to wall floor covering of any commercial avenue. They are usually fixed to the floors at times with nails or glue with the intent of not being moved over. These large carpets have benefits no doubt but in case of maintenance they cost a lot since professionals are needed for its cleansing who might charge big time.
Some Economic & Trade Insights Sectors
- A recent addition, carpet tiles are one or few square feet pieces of carpets cut in tile’s style. They are applied like tiles using glue or any other adhesive liquid available. Plus includes repair ease in case of damage and the tile could easily be replace with a new one. Also myriad design and color combinations can be achieved using variety of such tiles.
Demand of carpets and rugs is set to increase in coming years but at a much lower rate compared to trailing years. Opportunities exist mainly in residential, transportation segment but a bit to come from other smaller segments. By 2021, it can be expected to cross the $39 billion at almost 2600 basis points increment per year. Figure below depicts some interesting statistics Geography
Since US is still reeling from tremors of recession, construction industry is yet to catch hot steam. Asia pacific region seems to be the main player in coming years, followed by EU and Africa. Now some talk about the largest producers and buyers of carpets as of 2016
Now the producers
How to tap the market
As been discussed earlier, the growth prospect for Carpet industry is promising and will catch good pace Once governments will come out of long cycle of recession. And with technology widely available, new entrants are coming every year. This competition will stiffen and companies would need constant venues of revenue generation which means more new customers. Here, the role of a good business portal can be significant where registered companies will have tons of information about industry, the latest trends and most importantly have influx of new customers coming online looking for better suppliers. Besides other investments in areas such as marketing, PR and tradeshows, online presence could act as a relatively economical but potent arrow in a company’s quiver in this age of online frenzy.