CFL Bulbs, LED Lights & Tube-lights CFL Bulbs
Compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) is also known as compact fluorescent light. Philips compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFL) offer soft and comfortable light that produces a cozy atmosphere. CFL bulbs offer high performance, energy savings and long-lasting light. These bulbs are the best-selling energy saving lamps. CFLs combine the energy of fluorescent lighting with the comfort and popularity of incandescent luminaires. History
CFLs were introduced in the mid-1980s. Performance, efficiency (around 75% less energy than incandescent), price and lifetime (last 10 times longer) have improved since 1990. The CFL bulb Philips is a good option to use at home. CFLs have even an Energy Star label. Future Prospects
Compact fluorescent lamp bulbs fit into most luminaires designed for incandescent bulbs and use about 75% less energy. The CFL lasts between 6 and 15 times more (6000 - 15 000 hours). CFLs are more profitable and efficient in areas where the lights are on for long periods of time. From table lamps and recessed lighting to decorative luminaires, fluorescent lamps are available in the shapes and sizes of always soft white, natural or daylight. LED Lights
Modern LED Lights have greatly simplified the lives of builders, builders, hunters, tourists, anglers, extreme sportsmen and many other people of different professions and hobbies. Remember how in the very recent past you had to buy dozens of expensive and bulky batteries and batteries in order to provide coverage where there is no household electricity. In this case, they are much more reliable than their ancestors and the life of one charge or a batch of batteries can be estimated in tens of hours! In addition to reliability, economy, small size and weight, LED flashlights have another advantage - among the range of LED lighting devices there are flashlights with very bright LED lamps. Individual specimens may have a luminous flux of 500-900 lumens (for comparison, an ordinary 40 W incandescent lamp generates a luminous flux of 450 lumens).
Technological Advancements of LED Light and its Impact
The modern market offers many models of LED lighting equipment, ranging from industrial and architectural projectors to miniature flashlights. If you decide to purchase an LED flashlight, then, first of all, you need to decide on several points - this is necessary in order to make the right choice. LED light is an independent device. The luminaire case is most often unique, specially designed for LED lighting source. Structurally, this luminaire consists of a casing, an LED light source and an electronic driver (power converter). Sometimes a LED light is called a traditional light with an installed replaceable LED light. However, a specially designed light has greater energy efficiency and reliability. LED light sources are mainly used for directional or local illumination due to the characteristics of the semiconductor emitter to shine mainly in one direction. The advantage of the LED light is low power consumption, a long service life of 30,000 to 50,000 hours or more, ease of installation, low cabinet temperature, and often small dimensions. The main disadvantage is the high price. In addition, if any of the elements fail, the light is most often replaced with a similar one. These shortcomings are most often compensated by energy savings, maintenance savings (replacement of lights), which is especially important for street lighting. All types of lights can be divided into three groups:
- LED lights for streets, parks, roads, for architectural lighting. Performed in a protected from moisture and dust housing, in addition, the body usually serves as a heat sink and is made of heat-conducting materials.
- Fixtures for industrial purposes, housing and communal services and offices. The products are subject to increased requirements to the quality of lighting, including stability and color reproduction, operating conditions.
- Fixtures for household needs are usually produced with low power, but they must satisfy numerous requirements to the quality of lighting, electrical safety, fire hazard and, to a large extent, to the appearance. Often household lights have replaceable lights.
In addition to these applications, LED lights are well suited for lighting museums and rarities, since the spectrum of the light does not contain an ultraviolet component. Tube-lights
A tube-light or fluorescent lamps is a tubular conduit that allows light to be transported from an illuminated area or light source to a dark area to be illuminated (e.g./ the interior of a building). The tube-light are often used to improve lighting in areas with a high demand for lighting intensity and quality (for example, in rooms, staircases, workplaces and in children's schools). Its main advantage is the ability to minimize the use of artificial lighting of the premises during the day. Nowadays, fluorescent lamps have become the lighting medium most commonly used in shops, offices, public places, homes, etc. However, not all people know how they work, how they emit light without hardly generating heat, nor how they can develop more lumens per watt (lm / W) with lower power consumption, compared to incandescent lamps in equal lighting conditions.
Technological Advancement of Tubelight and its Impact
The oldest technology known in tube-light is that of the preheating ignition. Of that type of lamp, there are still millions working throughout the world despite the technological advancement that they have experienced in recent years and the new variants that have been developed. However, its operating principle has not changed much since 1938 when the first ones were introduced in the market. Let's see below what are the main parts that make up the most elementary tube-light:
- Discharge tube
- Caps with filaments
- Primer, lighter or starter
- Ballast (ballast)
The body or discharge tube of the fluorescent lamps is made of glass, with different lengths and diameters. The length depends, fundamentally, on the power in watt (W) that the tube-light develops. The diameter, on the other hand, has been standardized to 25.4 mm (equivalent to one inch) in most tubes. The most common and most widespread use are straight, although they can also be found in a circular form. Caps
Most straight tube-light have at each end a bushing with two pins or pins of external electrical contacts, connected internally with the heating or preheating filaments. These filaments are made of tungsten metal, also known by the chemical name of tungsten (W), coated with calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) and its main function in the tubes of fluorescent lamps is to preheat the argon gas. they contain inside so they can be ignited.
- Pins or contact pins. B. Electrodes. C. Tungsten filament. D. Mercury (Hg) liquid. <
- Argon gas atoms (Ar). F. Fluorescent coating or phosphor coating (P). G. Discharge tube . of Cristal.
The target market is Asian market where there is a vast range of production of bulbs and tubelights happened; for instance China. Reliable data on the use of CFL since 2003 could not be found, however the growth in sales in each country has strongly indicated that most of the usage carries on to rise at a fast medium or pace. In the period between 2004 and 2005, for instance, the estimated sales within USA has moved to 343%. The sales of the product in the region of Western Europe has seen a development of almost 34% between these periods and for the Eastern Europe region, it has arisen to almost 143%. The market share of lightbulb varies widely among major industrial relations. For instance, in the region of the USA, they have accounted for almost 20% sales in the period of 2007. This has been a stronger growth lesser than 1% before in the period of 2001. However, there are major wealthy countries which have observed higher use rates of the product for some time, including 80% of Japan household and 50% in Germany. There are many developing countries which have observed and posed a stronger market share of the product in recent time period as well. Iy has been reported that there had been 14% of sales reported in 2003 in the region of China and 17% in 2002 in the region of Brazil. Markrert trend
Between the period of 2001 and 2005, the bulbs, LED and tubelights were produced in the Asian region for almost 85% of the world production. A total production has been doubled between the periods of 2001 and 2003. Major Players
The major playing countries belong to Asian regions. Other are China, European Union, Canad, Ireland, USA and Australia. The famous company names are big Wal-Mart and ELI.
Possible Impact of Changes in Trade Policies
A possible direct impact of changes in trade policies can be observed because the demand of the products ared elastic in terms of delivery to the world.
Possible Impact of Political Changes
A direct impact on the sale and purchase can be projected in case of occurrence of any political changes
Possible Impact of Technical Advancement
It has been noticed in the review that there had been an immense technical advancement in the range of product.