Interior and Exterior Lighting
Lighting is one of the most important components of a person's life. In general, all lighting can be divided into two types - interior lighting and exterior lighting. Technological Advancements
Due to the high energy costs, many organizations are eager to switch to energy-efficient lighting. Such lighting is aimed at reducing electricity consumption, without loss of quality of illumination. Often, the cost of replacing equipment is higher than when operating or installing conventional lighting. But these investments quickly pay off due to low costs for electricity and maintenance. In combination of natural and artificial energy-efficient lighting, it is possible to achieve energy savings of 30% to 70%. As sources of artificial lighting are different kinds of lighting - usually incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, light-emitting diodes. Correct selection of fixtures for interior lighting allows creating a comfortable level of illumination for work, which, in turn, positively affects labour productivity. So, for illumination of office premises fluorescent or light-emitting diode fixtures, pendant fixtures, ceiling fixtures, dot fixtures are used, and for emergency exits - special emergency lamps which can work from the built in accumulator. The interior lighting of a country house helps to create a comfortable and cozy atmosphere of residential and key rooms, emphasizing the unique style of the house. Properly selected interior lighting system can become a decoration of the house and a finishing touch in the design decision. Types
For each room is selected a certain style of internal lighting system. Depending on the objectives, lighting in a private house is divided into several types: General; Zonal; Decorative; Combined. When designing the internal lighting system, specialists combine natural and artificial light sources, which allow rational use of electricity. Exterior Lightening
Exterior lighting of a country house provides sufficient visibility and security in the territory in the twilight and dark hours of the day, emphasizing the features of the facade. According to the functional street lighting of a country house is divided into several types:
- Technical: With its help, the main gate, a path to the house, wickets and doors are illuminated.
- Decorative: With the help of this lighting project, there is an opportunity to focus on bushes, trees and other objects within the territory.
- Filling: Thanks to this type, the main part of the facade of the house is illuminated, emphasizing its architectural features.
- Accompanying: Together with the luminaries, sensors that respond to movement are installed.
- Accent lighting: It is used to isolate certain elements of the facade of a residential building: stucco molding, niches, columns, etc.
- Contour lighting: The lighting system of the facade of a country house consists of LED tubes installed along the contour of the building or enclosure.
- Hidden Illumination: With its help highlights the protruding elements of the facade, emphasizing the originality of the facade.
For street lighting of a country house and adjoining territory park lights, neon and light-emitting diode pipes, small spotlights are widely used. Possible Impact of Changes in Trade Policies
It has been observed that there already had been an imposition of ban on the product. This can put an impact on the trade of the product. Lesser impact has been ascertained for the prospective change in trade policies. It has been observed from the situation that the commercial and industrial lighting size was estimated at 21.53 billion in the period of 2014 and the researchers have projected a substantial amount of growth for the projected period. The change in political stances has brought a greater efficiency, longer time span and an unmet reliability level that is identified to drive the demand for other conventional technologies. There would be greater levels of brightness, power consumption would be lower and sizes would be condensed for the industrial approach along with a pragmatic type. These are those attributes which have been substantial in terms of attainment of an industrial development. There would be lighting for next generation too that will be catered by the political appropriate situations. A proper implementation of the political policies, regulations and strategies has ascertained a lower cost of operations, more effectiveness in energy and a conservation of heat energy. The advancements in technology in conventional manner can call better standards for energy effectiveness and rapid erosion of price that has led a greater level of demand. Possible Impact of Technological Advancements
Though, the product is based on technological development, yet there are lesser possible impact of technological advancements because of small industry and targeted population. The technological advancement has ensured that the next generation of lighting would become an incandescent bulbs means with lower operational cost, greater efficiency and decreased consumption and evaporation of heat energy. The technological advancement, particularly in the domain of sustainability based conventional lighting with greater efficiency of energy standards and erosion of swift paced price which have created an immense type of demand for the nation and for upcoming generations. Mansard lighting Organization of lighting attic in a wooden house is a special issue. The non-standard forms of the room, the location of windows that provides sunlight, dictate their rules for placement and selection of lighting devices. The smart lighting is projected to offer a lucrative amount of opportunities for the purpose of application in industrial and commercial or industrial areas. It can be seen ability for the adjustment of light that is required by use or implementation of control zones. The schemes of smart city have become prevalent in the regions of Europe and US along with an attention on strategies for reduction in peak demand and overall energy consumption. Installing the Smart Home system is quite expensive, but it justifies itself with the convenience of lighting control and also contributes to energy savings. The indicators react to the presence of a person, and the light automatically turns off in an empty room. Leaving the house you can turn off all the lights in the house with a single button. A smart home lighting system will help to save a house from robbers. In an empty house, she periodically turns on the lights, creating the effect of the presence of the hosts. The system can control not only interior lighting, but also outdoor fixtures. Lighting of the staircase is arranged not only for decorative purposes, but also for safe and convenient use. The backlighting of the steps performs both functions. It can be done by installing spotlights on each step or in the wall above the steps at the ankle level. An excellent decorative effect can be achieved with the help of LED strips. Trends in the Market
Commercial and industrial market size of LED lighting was estimated in 2014 as 21.53 billion and it is anticipated to have significant growth over projected period. Reliability, longer life span and high efficiency are projected to drive the demand of LED over conventional technologies. Condensed size, high brightness level, robust nature and low consumption are some aspects which have been projected in order to trigger the growth of industry. It can be clearly showed in pictorial form as: Major Players
Europe market for commercial and industrial lighting is projected to take a substantial share because of rising investment by public sector and implementing a ban on importing and producing the incandescent lamps. Secondly, Asia Pacific is projected to become a leading contributor because of higher rates of construction, replacement of current infrastructure and funding by public sector for lighting of high efficiency. A major initiative has been undertaken by Chinese sector through provision of greater incentives for replacement of traditional lights and deploying standardized quality solutions and products. Other major countries are Germany, Russia, UK and Denmark which have focused on deploying of effective methods for the improvement of quality and cost. In market, the major players are Philip Electronics, Osram Opto, Toshiba Corporation, Digital Lumens Ins., Cooper Industries Plc., Dialight Plc and Cree Corporation. These manufacturers are focused on technology improvement by cost effective product development. Technology innovation, product development and production optimization are crucial aspects. Future Prospects
Choosing external and internal lighting, it is recommended to entrust the design and configuration of equipment to specialists. Based on the requirements and objectives, several projects are being developed to illuminate the private house with the site, the equipment is selected and the system is installed. Unusual lighting design will help to focus on interesting interior solutions, emphasizing the individuality of the house. Properly selected lighting system creates a cozy atmosphere and has a relaxed rest away from city bustle. Mansard lighting Organization of lighting attic in a wooden house is a special issue. The non-standard forms of the room, the location of windows that provide sunlight, dictate their rules for placement and selection of lighting devices.