Use of Plastic Pressure Pipes in the Municipal Services
Water loss is a highly undermined issue globally where its transmission and distribution is not efficient and effective and that is due to the faulty means of water transfer. Due to periods of extreme drought and old pipes that are in a poor condition, big cities, such as Sao Paolo, were confronted with severe water scarcity at many times. Problems of this sort can be mitigated with the help of modern, efficient pipe systems. In view of the climatic changes that are to be expected in the upcoming years, investments in this segment have to be much higher than they were in the past. However, the application area potable water supply is only a subsection of the market for plastic pipes. The pre-sent study analyses the global market for plastic pipes. Faulty Pipes and poor practices of water control in both the process either its manufacturing or installation of those pipes and the appurtenance, they are either low standard or they have no standard at all. According to a research conducted by World Bank, almost 40% of water is the world is categorized as NRW “Non-Revenue Water”. This is the water that is lost somewhere during the process of transfer before it reaches the destination or the customer. In the developing countries only the water loss rate is 50% which is an alarming figure in this matter.
The PVC Pipes Industry focuses on global major leading industry players providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. Upstream raw materials and equipment and downstream demand analysis is also carried out. The PVC Pipes industry development trends and marketing channels are analysed. Finally the feasibility of new investment projects are assessed and overall research conclusions offered. Environmental Policies The US “Environment Protection Agency” developed an initiative for the sustainability where they give their four pillars of infrastructure sustainability which are: better principles of management, full cost pricing, efficiency of water and approaches towards the watershed. But when there question arises of infrastructure of what’s beneath the ground and how water will be distributed, it all comes down to one simple decision, which pipe? Every pipe that is made in the industry has its own particular use. Using the wrong type may not give the best life-cycle cost reduction. Though it may seem that it is a simple question, the answer is surely not. The selection of pipe is based on the factor that what is the purpose of its use? Whether it will be used for sewage purposes, water or application where it may encounter storm water? The flow of water in the three scenarios is very different and the pipe installed for the purpose needs to be able to handle the pressure or the flow of gravity. Other factors that involve in the decision making are: type of soil, resistance to corrosion, the initial cost, how compatible the pipe is, expectancy of life and the availability, all these factors considered altogether make up the decision of which pipe is to be used. The most commonly used pipes that are used for the transfer of water by the municipalities are “Fibreglass Reinforced Plastic Pipes” (FRP), “high density polyethylene” (HDPE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and in more recent years, “fusible polyvinyl chloride” (FPVC). Yes, the fact cannot be denied that there have been some improvements in the last 30 years with the introduction of new and innovative technological advancements and the jointing system of the pipes now have high performance. The problems that existed with the gasket joint PVC pipes for example, fish mouthing have now reached its resolution after the introduction of “metal reinforced Reiber-type elastomeric seal”.
Plastic Pipe Market Report by Material, Application, and Geography – Global Forecast to 2021 is a professional and in-depth research report on the world’s major regional market conditions, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific) and the main countries (United States, Germany, united Kingdom, Japan, South Korea and China). The Indian plastic pipe market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 10.4% from 2016 to 2021. The major growth drivers for this market are the growth of government infrastructural spending, increasing residential and commercial construction, industrial production, irrigation sector, and replacement of aging pipelines. Emerging trends, which have a direct impact on the dynamics of the Indian plastic pipe industry, are the usage of anti-microbial plastic pipes to improve hygiene, consumption of CPVC (chlorinated polyvinyl chloride) piping system in various applications of plastic pipes, and increasing consumption of multilayer plastic pipe in gas distribution in the Indian plastic pipe market. Lucintel predicts that the Indian plastic pipe demand for PVC (polyvinyl chloride) plastic pipes is likely to experience the highest growth in the forecast period, supported by growing demand in the potable water, wastewater supply and agriculture sector. In this market, polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, and polypropylene are the major raw materials used to manufacture pipe. The global plastic pipe market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 6.8% from 2015 to 2020. The major growth drivers for this market are infrastructure development, rise in construction activities, replacement of aging pipelines made of traditional materials, growing population, and growing urbanization rate.
Emerging trends, which have a direct impact on the dynamics of the industry, are the usage of anti-microbial plastic pipes to improve hygiene and replacement of traditional material pipes with eco-friendly ABS and PE plastic pipes. Asia Pacific is expected to remain the largest market due to the growth in the construction and industrial sectors. Asia Pacific and North America are expected to grow significantly by virtue of growing drainage, sewage, storm, and other wastewater supply applications, especially in China and India, due to increasing urban population and high growth in construction and infrastructure development. The growth rate of the North American plastic pipe market is driven by the growth in residential construction and replacement of traditional and aging pipelines with plastic pipes. Global plastic pipe market size by various application segments such as oil and gas sector, potable water supply, drainage, sewage, storm, and other wastewater supply, electrical and telecommunication cable protection pipes, agriculture sector, chemical sector in terms of value shipment. Global plastic pipe market size by various material segments such as PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride), PE (Poly ethylene), PP (Poly propylene), and others (including ABS and others) pipes in terms of value shipment. World demand for plastic pipe will rise 6.7 percent annually through 2019 to 19.3 billion meters. Construction applications account for the largest share of plastic pipe demand and will support growth through the forecast period. Growth in the Asia/Pacific region will slow, but it will remain the largest and fastest growing market. This study analyses the 13.9 billion meter world plastic pipe industry. It presents historical demand data (2004, 2009 and 2014) and forecasts (2019 and 2024) by market (construction, agriculture, energy, industrial) and resin (e.g., PVC, HDPE) for six world regions and 19 major countries. Total plastic pipe demand is also provided for an additional 5 countries.
Considering the discussion above we can say that making the right choice for the pipe to use in a project is not as easy as one might think. It is a process where multiple factors such as potential to manage hydrostatic pressure, type of soil, resistance to corrosion, the initial cost, how compatible the pipe is, expectancy of life and the availability are needed to be addressed. Water is a need and most important necessity of life whether it is for cleaning purposes or drinking, life cannot be expected without it.