Scaffolding pipes and fittings Scaffolding is also known as scaffold or staging. Scaffolding is temporary structure that is built to support the working crew. It is also used as a material help worker in construction, repair of buildings, maintenance of bridges and many other man-made structures. Areas that would be hard to get to or having heights are not easy to access, that is why scaffolding is used widely on construction site. There are risk for death or serious injuries resulted by using unsafe scaffolding. It is also used modified form for shoring and framework, concert stages, grand seating’s, to view or access a tower, art projects, half pipes, exhibition stand and ski ramps. Worldwide use of scaffolding nowadays mainly have following 5 types; prefabricated modular system scaffold components; Tube and Coupler components; facade modular system scaffolds and H-frame modular system scaffolds; bamboo scaffolds and timber scaffolds. Industry Trends Scaffolding is used everywhere nowadays, from events to construction. It is used for many industries like; Cleaning & renovations; Construction; Camera and lighting at events; Temporary seating; and Advertising. The market is now developing a new service that completes the rentals offer which is the latest trend, which is gaining a very fast momentum in the market. To provide manpower for erection and dissembling the framework, scaffolding equipment’s were rent out in the traditional rental companies. Now the construction companies are looking for solutions that are one-step for their all equipment requirement, because there are low barriers to entry now. For the large rental company this problem in the industry has led to consolidation, because they are either forming alliances or acquiring small companies to expand their offering and it also increase their geographical presence. According to the report analysis, the market is intensifying the all the security and safety regulations by one of the major drivers. The OSHA “Occupational Safety and Health Administration” has estimated that around 2.3 million construction labours are working on scaffolding platforms. The report also states that, hindering the market growth is one of the major factor for the inefficiency of the management. A remarkable development need is encountered by the Rental Organisation, to scale assets productively, to enhance usage of the accessible hardware changes are overseen in incoming profile and to take care of varying market demand. To keep up the general maintenance regularly is an additional need and services are applied for the re-sale price of equipment of the rental life towards the end. The report shows that the rental organisation have ended up losing the profits because they were unable to meet the lowest cost per transaction threshold that they planned. This happened due to their incapability to forecast and the ideal deals of its progressions. Today metal scaffolding are especially designed for easy assembly and disassembly by allowing. In modern scaffolds tying does not play a major role anymore, because of the other evolutionary changes in technology of fitting such as clamps and braces. An assortment of metal is used for most of the metal-based scaffolding today. These assortments are mostly the light in weight for example aluminium, stainless steel (extremely tough ones) or industrial grade steel. Future Prospects During the period 2017-2021 5.32 per cent CAGR is to be grown in rental market of the global construction scaffolding. From industry experts Rental Market 2017-2021 Global Construction Scaffolding has been prepared based upon an in-depth analysis with input of the market. This report analysis covers; market landscape; and the prospect of growth in market landscape over the coming years. A remarkable development need is encountered by the Rental Organisation, to scale assets productively, to enhance usage of the accessible hardware changes are overseen in incoming profile and to take care of varying market demand. The key vendors that are operating the market nowadays are also mentioned in the report analysis. Following are the key vendors; - Altrad; - Condor; - Sunbelt Rentals; - ULMA Construction; - United Rentals; and Other prominent vendors are; - Apollo Scaffold Services; - Approved Access Scaffolding; - ASA Scaffolding Services; - Aspect Scaffolding; - Astra Access Services; - ASW Scaffolding; - AT-PAC; - Brand Energy; - The Brock Group; - Safway; - Callmac Scaffolding UK; - Cape Contracts Scaffolding; - Cameo Scaffolding; - Central Access Hire and Sales; - Cheam Scaffolding; - Cheltenham & Gloucester Scaffolding; - Climar Scaffolding; - Coles Scaffolding; - Marine Scaffolding; - MCR Scaffolding; - Mega Scaffold (UK); - MR Scaffolding Services; - Aichi Shinwa; - Asahi Equipment; - Inao Leasing; - Al-Hayki Scaffolding Services; - Al-Futtaim engineering; and - Pee Kay Scaffolding & Shuttering. Shahid Yusuf from the World Bank said about the use of scaffolding pipes and fittings: "The future of global integration will depend ... on the strength of perceived benefits and the capacity of the gainers in winning their case politically, on the success at building an institutional scaffolding; - domestic and internationall; - adequate to the task of managing a variety of flows among countries, and on policies which prepare economies to meet the challenges arising from openness." Key Market Players The NASC “National Access and Scaffolding Confederation” is a UK construction trade association, which represents companies that are involved in scaffolding pipes and fittings access work. This association was founded in 1945, the NASC as a member of Build UK represents its sector which was known as United Kingdom Contractors group. NASC is also a member of “Trade Association Forum”. It is also used modified form for shoring and framework, concert stages, grand seating’s, to view or access a tower, art projects, half pipes, exhibition stand and ski ramps. NASC propose certain offers to its member companies some additional source of being knowing for the customer assurance. The also offers information and support regarding training, legal issues and their security. NASC also hosts events for the member of this industry in regular basis. Target Market Shanxi Versed Industrial trading co., ltd; Qingdao Formwork International co., ltd; Jap Industries; Unikraft Industries; Vikas Industries; Mundhara Steels; Emd group India; Hebei Vitonghang Trading co., ltd; M/S Amit Enggeniering Works; Baoding Jinyuan Industry co., ltd; Wellmade Scaffold; Chopra Metal Industries; Tianjin Xinyue steel; Suzhou Dongrun Ladder co., Ltd.; Atm Ates Madeni Esya San.Tic.Paz.; Sip International; Urtim Formwork Scaffolding Systems; Hebei Trico Trade co., Ltd; Gingdao Wancheng Scaffolding co. ltd; Zhejiang Jaddar Tools co.ltd; Jiaxing Reliable Machinery Manufacturing Co., ltd.; Al Kous International; Anping Schatten Shade Mesh Factory; Pine-Forest; Sewak Forging (p) ltd.; Lianyungang Yanshun International Trade co.,ltd.; Solid Tool s.r.o.; Yongkang Oluda Industry & Trade co.,ltd; Wolf Seco nv; JTL Infra Limited; Fujian 3 Ply Shuttering Panel Factory; Khayyam Al-Sahra Trading est., Sandong Metron Machinery co.,ltd.; Zhejiang Tianyuan Fabric co., ltd; Jaskiran Udyog; Exoandamiajes sl; Victory Pipe Industries; and Fujian Three Ply Shuttering Panel Factory are the key market players of scaffolding pipes and fittings. Around 2.3 million construction labours are working on scaffolding platforms. Impact of Technology The data given below is a structural analysis of transformation of scaffold bamboo to scaffold steel. The data is carried by the use of computer model for “bamboo” scaffolding system to check the stability of the system completely and to check individual member buckling strength. An assortment of metal is used for most of the metal-based scaffolding today. These assortments are mostly the light in weight for example aluminium, stainless steel (extremely tough ones) or industrial grade steel. In figure shown below the proposed phenomenological model of MR dampers is given. According to the record average of 4% to 3 per cent in 1970s; to 3 percent to 2.5 per cent to 2.4 percent in 1980 - 2000. Platform units that are used to make the scaffold platform is intended for very light use, which shall be capable of supporting minimum 25 pounds per square foot, applied over the entire unit span area uniquely. The load producer’s greatest force is to point load 250-pound point placed on the centre of the unit span. Political Impacts According to economic theory on a global scale of markets and economic should improve the vast majorities prosperity of global population. Through the increase in foreign trade investment, financial flows and international trade has given any benefit around the world or not, such question are raised economically. Though cause and effect isolation is difficult, it is vital to take notice that the global growth over the past three decades have grown. According to the record average of 4% to 3 per cent in 1970s; to 3 percent to 2.5 per cent to 2.4 percent in 1980s, 1990s and 2000s respectively.